Journal Publications

Fountain, A.G., Ducklow, H.W., Campbell, J.L., Schuur, E.A.G., Stammerjohn, S.E., and Williams, M.W. 2012. The disappearing cryosphere: Impacts and ecosystem responses to rapid cryosphere loss.  Bioscience, 62(4), 405-413.

Levy, J.S. and Fountain, A.G., Welch, K.A., and Lyons, W.B. 2012. Hypersaline “wet patches in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 39. L05402, doi:10.1029/2012GL050898

Basagic, H., and Fountain A.G.  2011. Quantifying twentieth century glacier change in the Sierra Nevada, California.  Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 43, 317-330.

Levy, J. S., Fountain, A.G., Gooseff, M.N., Welch, K.A., Lyons, W.B. 2011. Water Tracks and Permafrost in Taylor Valley, Antarctica: Extensive and Shallow Groundwater Connectivity in a Cold Desert Ecosystem. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 123, 2295-2311.

Gooseff, M.N., McKnight, D.M., Doran, P., Fountain, A.G., Lyons, W.B. 2011. Hydrological connectivity of the landscape of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica.  Geography Compass, 5/9, 666-681.

Bagshaw, E.A., Tranter, M. Wadham, J.L., Fountain, A.G., Mowlem, M. 2011. High-resolution monitoring reveals dissolved oxygen dynamics in an Antarctic cryoconite hole.  Hydrological Processes, 10.1002/hyp.8049. (no page numbers yet - only published online)

Bagshaw, E.A, Wadham, J.L., Mowlem, M., Tranter, M, Eveness, J. Fountain, A.G.,  Telling, J. 2010.  Determination of Dissolved Oxygen in the Cryosphere: a comprehensive laboratory and field evaluation of fibre optic sensors. Environmental Science and Technology, 10.1021/es102571j (no page numbers yet - only published online)

Bagshaw, EA, Tranter, M, Fountain, AG, Basagic, HJ & Wadham, JL. 2010. Dynamic behaviour of supraglacial lakes on cold polar glaciers: Canada Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 56, 366-368.

Hall, B., Denton, G., Fountain, A., Hendy, C., Henderson, C. 2010.  Sitts, D., Fountain, A.G. 2010. Antarctic lakes suggest millennial reorganizations of Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, 21355-21359.

Sitts, D., Fountain, A.G., and Hoffman, M. 2010. Twentieth century glacier change on Mount Adams, Washington, USA.  Northwest Science, 84, 378-385.


Ayres, E., Nkem, J.N., Wall, D.H., Adams, B.J., Barrett, J.E., Simmons, B.I., Virginia, R.A., Fountain, A.G. 2010. Experimentally increased snow accumulation alters soil moisture and animal community structure in a polar desert. Polar Biology, 33, 897-907.


Hunt, H.W., Fountain, A.G., Doran, P.T. and Basagic, H.J. 2010. A dynamic physical model for soil temperature and water in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Antarctic Science. doi: :10.1017/S0954102010000234 16pgs


Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T.H., Monaghan, A., Basagic, H.J. Bromwich, D. 2010. Snow in the McMurdo Dry Valleys. International Journal of Climatology, 30, 5, 633-789.


Fortner, S.K., Lyons , W.B., Fountain, A.G., Welch, K.A., Kehrwald, N. 2009. Trace element and major ion concentrations and dynamics in glacier snow and melt: Eliot Glacier, Oregon Cascades. Hydrological Processes, 23, 2987-2996.

Fountain, A.G., Hoffman, M.J., Granshaw, F., Riedel, J. 2009. The benchmark glacier concept - does it work? Annals of Glaciology, 50, 163-168.

Moore, D., Fleming, S., Menounos, B., Wheate, R., Fountain, A., Stahl, K., Holm, K., Jakob, Matthias. 2009. Glacier change in western North America: Influences on hydrology, geomorphic hazards, and water quality. Hydrological Processes, 23, 42-61.

Hoffman, M.J., Fountain, A.G., Liston, G.E. 2008. Surface energy balance and melt thresholds over 11 years at Taylor Glacier, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, F04014, doi:10.1029/2008JF001029.

Barrett, J.E., Virginia, R.A., Wall, D.H., Doran, P.T., Fountain, A.G., Welch, K.A., and Lyons, W.B. 2008. Persistent effects of a discrete climate event on a polar desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 14, 1-13.

Hodson, A., Anesio, A.M. Tranter, M., Fountain, A., Osborn, M., Priscu, J., Laybourn-Parry, J., Sattler, B. 2008. Glacial ecosystems. Ecological Monographs, 78, 41-67.

Doran, P.T., McKay, C.P., Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T., McKnight, D.M., Jaros, C., Barrett, J.E. 2008. Hydrologic response t extreme warm and cold summers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys East Antarctica . Antarctic Science. DOI: 10.1017/S0954102008001272

Marcott, S., Fountain, A.G., O'Conner, J.E., Sniffen, P.J., and Dethier, D.P. 2008. A Latest Pleistocene and Holocene glacial history and paleoclimate reconstruction at Three Sisters and Broken Top Volcanoes, Oregon, United States. Quaternary Research, 71, 181-189.

Fountain, A. G., and M. Tranter 2008, Introduction - The Biogeochemistry of Cryoconite Holes. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2008JG000698

Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T.H. Tranter, M. and Bagshaw, E. 2008, Temporal variations in physical and chemical features of cryoconite holes on Canada Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, G01S92, doi:10.1029/2007JG000430.

Bagshaw, E., Tranter, M., Fountain, A., Welch, K., Basagic, H., and Lyons, B. 2007. The biogeochemical evolution of cryoconite holes on glaciers in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research. 113, G04S35, doi:10.1029/2007JG000442.

Hoffman, M.J., Fountain, A.G., Achuff, J.M. 2007. Twentieth-century variations in area of cirque glaciers and glacierets, Rocky Mountain National Park , Rocky Mountains Colorado , USA. Annals of Glaciology, 46, 349-354.

Jackson, K.M. and Fountain, A.G. 2007. Spatial and morphological change on Eliot Glacier, Mount Hood Oregon, USA. Annals of Glaciology, 46, 222-226.

Harris, K.J., Carey, A.E., Lyons , W.B., Welch, K.A., Fountain, A.G. 2007. Solute and isotope geochemistry of subsurface ice melt seeps in Taylor Valley, Antarctica . Geological Society of America Bulletin, 119, 548-555.

Barrett, J.E., Virginia, R.A., Lyons, W.B., McKnight, D.M., Priscu, J.C., Doran, P.T., Fountain, A.G., Wall, D.H., and Moorhead, D. L. 2007. Biogeochemical stoichiometry of Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, G01010, doi:10.1029/2005JG000141

Cozzetto, K., McKnight, D., Nylen T., Fountain, A., 2006. Experimental investigations into processes controlling stream and hyporheic temperatures, Fryxell Basin, Antarctica. Advances in Water Resouces, 29, 130-153.

Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T.H., MacClune, K.J., Dana, G.L. 2006. Glacier mass balances (1993-2001) Taylor Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 52(178), 451-462.

Granshaw, F.D., and Fountain A.G. 2006. Glacier change (1958-1998) in the North Cascades National Park Complex. Washington USA. Journal of Glaciology, 52(177), 251-256.

Gooseff, M,N., W.B., McKnight, D.M., Vaughn, B.H., Fountain, A.G., Dowling, C.2006. A stable isotopic investigation of a polar desert hydrologic system, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica.Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 38(1), 60-71.

Witherow, R.A. Lyons, W.B., Bertler, N.A.N., Welch, K.A., Mayewski, P.A., Sneed, S.B., Nylen, T., Handley, M.J., and Fountain, A. 2006. The aeolian flux of calcium, chloride, and nitrate to the McMurdo Dry Valleys landscape: evidence from snow pit analysis. Antarctic Science, 18(4), 497-505.

Lyons, W. B., Dowling, C., Welch, K. A., Synder, G., Poreda, R. J., Doran, P.T., and Fountain, A. 2005. Dating water and solute additions to ice-covered Antarctic lakes, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69: A720-A720.

Fortner, S.K., Tranter, M., Fountain, A., Lyons, W.B., Welch, K.A., 2005. The geochemistry of supraglacial streams of Canada Glacier, Taylor Valley (Antarctica), and their evolution into proglacial waters. Aquatic Geochemistry, 11, 391-412.

Anderson, R.S., Anderson, S.P., Walder, J.S., Trabant, D.C., Fountain, A.G., 2005. Kennicott Glacier dynamics:Response to the Hidden Creek Lake outburst flood.Annals of Glaciology, 40, 237-242.

Walder, J.S., Trabant, D.C., Fountain, A.G., Cunico, M., Anderson, S.P., Anderson, R.S., Malm, A., 2005. Faulting and flow in an ice dam associated with annual filling and drainage of a glacier-dammed lake. Annals of Glaciology, 40, 174-178.

Vaughn, B.H., Fountain, A.G., 2005.Stable isotopes and electrical conductivity as keys to understanding water pathwaysand storage in South Cascade Glacier, Washington. Annals of Glaciology, 40, 107-112

Fountain, A.G., Schlichting, R.B., Jansson, P., Jacobel, R.W., 2005. Observations of englacial flow passages - a fracture dominated system. Annals of Glaciology, 40, 25-30.

Ebnet, A.F, Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T.H., McKnight, D.M., Jaros, C.I., 2005. A temperature-index model of stream flow at below freezing temperatures in Taylor Valley Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 40, 76-82.

Johnston, R.R., Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T.H., 2005. The origin of channels on lower Taylor Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys Antarctica and their implication for water runoff . Annals of Glaciology, 40, 1-7.

Lyons, W.B., Welch, K.A., Carey, A.E., Wall, D.H., Virginia , R.A., Fountain, A.G., Doran, P.T., Csatho, B.M., and Tremper, C.M., 2005. Groundwater seeps in Taylor Valley Antarctica: An example of a subsurface melt event. Annalsof Glaciology, 40, 200-206.

Tranter,M., Fountain, A.G., Lyons, W.B., Nylen, T.H., Welch, K.A., 2005. The chemical composition of runoff from Canada Glacier, Antarctica: implications for glacier hydrology during a cool summer. Annals of Glaciology, 40, 15-19.

Fountain, A.G., Neumann,T., Glenn, P., Chinn, T.2004. Can warming induce advances of polar glaciers, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. J. Glaciology. 50(171), 556-564.

Fountain, A.G., Schlicting, R.B., Jacobel, R.W., and Jansson, P. 2005. Fractures as main pathways of water flow in temperate glaciers. Nature, 433, 618-621.

Fountain, A.G., Tranter, M., Nylen, T., Booth, D., Lewis, K.2004. Cryoconite holes on polar glaciers and their importance for meltwater runoff. J. Glaciology, 50(168), 25-45.

Porazinska,D.L., Fountain, A.G. Nylen, T.H.,Tranter, M. Virginia, R. A., and Wall, D. H., 2004. The biodiversity and biogeochemistry of cryoconite holes from McMurdo Dry Valley glaciers, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 36(1), 84-91.

Nylen, T., Fountain, A.G., Doran, P. 2004. Climatology of katabatic winds in theMcMurdo Dry Valleys, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. J. Geophysical Research, 109, D03114, doi10.10292003JD003937, 9p.

Tranter, M., Fountain, A., Fritsen C., Lyons, B., Priscu, J., Statham, P., and Welch, K., 2004. Extreme hydrochemical conditions in natural microcosms entombed within Antarctic ice. Hydrological Processes, 18, 379-387.

Leonard, K., and Fountain, A.G., 2003. Map-based methods for estimating glacier equilibrium line altitudes. Journal of Glaciology, 49(166), 329-336.

Anderson, S. P.; Walder, J.S.; Anderson, R.S.; Kraal, E. R.; Cunico, M.; Fountain, A. G.; Trabant, D.C., 2003. Integrated hydrologic and hydrochemical observations of Hidden Creek Lake jokulhlaups, Kennicott Glacier, Alaska. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 108, No. F1, 6003 10.1029/2002JF000004

McClung, K.J., Fountain, A.G., Kargel, J.S., MacAyeal. D.R.2003. Glaciers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys: Terrestrial analog for Martian polar sublimation. Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 108(E4),1-1210.1029/2002JE001878

Lyons, W.B., Welch, K.A., Fountain, A.G., Dana, G.L., Vaughn, B.H., and McKnight, D.M., 2003. Surface Glaciochemistry of Taylor Valley, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica and its Relationship to Stream Chemistry. Hydrological Processes, 17, 115-130.

Doran, P.T., McKay, C.P., Clow, G.D., Dana, G.L., Fountain, A.G., Nylen, T., Lyons, W.B. 2002. Climate observations from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1986-2000. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 107, 1-12, DOI: 10.1029/2001JD002045

Gooseff, M.N., Barrett, J.E., Doran, P.T. Fountain, A.G., Lyons, W.B., Parsons, A.N., Porazinska, D.L., Virginia, R.A., and Wall, D.H. 2003. Snow-patch influence on soil biogeochemical processes and invertebrate distribution in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 35(1): 92-100.

Bardel, P., Fountain, A.G., Hall, D.K., and Kwok, R. 2002. Synthetic Aperture Radar Detection of the Snowline on Commonwealth and Howard glaciers, Taylor Valley, Antarctica . Annals of Glaciology. 34, 177-183.

Rignot, E., Hallet, B., Fountain, A. 2002. Rock glacier surface motion in Beacon Valley, Antarctica, from synthetic-aperture radar interferometry Geophysical Review Letters. 10.1029/2001GL013494

Doran P.T., Priscu, J.C. Lyons,W.B. Walsh, J.E., Fountain, A.G., McKnight, D.M., Moorhead, D.L., Virginia, R.A., Wall, D.H. Clow, G.D., Fritsen, C.H. McKay, C.P. Parsons, A.P. 2002. Antarctic climate cooling and terrestrial ecosystem response. Nature, 415, 517-520.

Mennis, J.L., and Fountain, A.G. 2001. A spatio-temporal GIS database for monitoring alpine glacier change. Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 67,967-975

Lyons, W.B., Fountain, A.G., Doran, P., Priscu, J.C., Neumann, K., and Welch, K.A., 2000. The importance of landscape position and legacy: the evolution of the lakes in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Freshwater Biology, 43, 355-367.

Dana, G.L., Davis, R.E., Fountain, A.G., and Wharton, Jr. R.A., 2000. Satellite-derived indices of stream discharge in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Hydrological Processes, 16, 1603-1616.

McCabe, G.J., Fountain, A.G., Dyurgerov, M. 2000. Variability in winter mass balance of Northern Hemisphere glaciers and relations with atmospheric circulation. Arctic, Antarctica, and Alpine Research, 32, 64-72.

Selected Journal Publications Pre-2000

Fountain, A.G., and Vecchia, A., 1999. How many stakes does it take to measure a glacier? Geografiska Annalar, 81A, 563-573.

Fountain, A.G., and Walder, J.S., 1998. Water flow through temperate glaciers. Reviews of Geophysics, 36, 299-328.

Fountain, A.G., Krimmel, R.M., and Trabant, D.C. 1997. A strategy for monitoring glaciers. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1132, 16p.

Fountain. A.G., 1996. The effect of snow and firn hydrology on the physical and chemical characteristics of glacial runoff. Hydrological Processes, 10, 509-521.

Fountain, A.G., 1989. The storage of water in, and hydraulic characteristics of, the firn of South Cascade Glacier, Washington State, U.S.A. Annals of Glaciology, 13, 69-75.

Fountain, A.G., and Tangborn, W.V. 1985. The effect of glaciers on streamflow variations. Water Resources Research, 21(4), 579-586.


Books (edited journal volumes)

Kaser, G., Fountain, A., Jansson, P. 2002. A manual for monitoring the mass balance of mountain glaciers . UNESCO, International Hydrological Programme, Technical Documents in Hydrology, No. 59.107 pp.

Nakawo, M., Raymond, C., and Fountain A.G., 2000. Debris-Covered Glaciers, International Association of Hydrological Sciences Press, 264, 288 pp.


Book Chapters

Gulley, J.D., and Fountain, A.G. 2012. Glacier Caves. In: William B. White and David C.Culver, editors, Encyclopedia of Caves. Chennai: Academic Press, 353-357.

Peterson, D.L., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, D. McKenzie, N.L. Stephenson, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, G.P. Malanson, C.L. Tague, and P.J. van Mantgem. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collaborative research approach. In J. Belant and E. Beever (eds.), Ecological Consequences of Climate Change: Mechanisms, Conservation, and Management. Taylor and Francis Publishing, New York, NY.

Tranter, M., Bagshaw, L., Fountain, A., Forman, C., 2010. The biogeochemistry and hydrology of Dry Valley glaciers: is there life on Martian ice now? In P.T. Doran, W.B. Lyons and D.M. McKnight (eds), Life in Antarctic Deserts and other Cold Dry Environments. Cambridge University Press.

Hawes, I., Howard-Williams, C., and Fountain, A.G. 2008. Ice-based freshwater ecosystems. In W. F. Vincent and J. Laybourn-Parry (eds) Polar Lakes and Rivers - Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 103-118., 327pp.

Zemp, M., Haeberli, W., Bajracharya, S., Chinn, T.J., Fountain, A.G.,Hagen, J.O., Huggel, C., Kääb, A., Kaltenborn, B.P., Karki, M., Kaser, G., Kotlyakov, V.M., Lambrechts, C., Li, Z.Q., Molnia, B.F., Mool, P., Nellemann, C., Novikov, V., Osipova, G.B., Rivera, A., Shrestha, B.,Svoboda, F., Tsvetkov D.G. and Yao, T.D. 2007. Glaciers and ice caps. Part I: Global overview and outlook. Part II: Glacier changes around the world. In: UNEP: Global outlook for ice & snow. UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Norway.115–152.

Fountain, A.G. 2004.Glacier caves. In D.C. Culver and W.B. White eds. Encyclopedia of Caves. Elsevier Academic Press, New York, 271-275.

Fountain, A.G. and Lyons, W.B., 2003. Century to millennial scale climate change and ecosystem response in Taylor Valley, Antarctica In D. Greenland , D.G. Goodin and R.C. Smith eds. Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites. Oxford University, New York. 319-340.

Welch, K.A., Lyons, W.B., McKnight, D.M., Jaros C., Fountain, A., Nylen T., Doran, P.T., Howard-Williams, C., 2003, Climate and hydrologic variations and implications for lake and stream ecological response in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long Term Ecological Research Sites. eds. D. Greenland, D.G. Goodin and R.C. Smith, Oxford University Press, New York.174-195.

Welch, K.A., Neumann, K., McKnight, D.M., Fountain, A.G., and Lyons, W.B., 2000. Chemistry and lake dynamics of the Taylor Valley lakes, Antarctica:The importance of long-term monitoring,in Davison, W., Howard-Williams, C., Broady, P (Eds) Antarctic Ecosystems:Models for wider ecological understanding.Caxton Press, Christchurch, NZ, 282-287.